Polarized sunglasses block unpleasant glare and protect your eyes from UV rays. All of this is due to the metal powder filter, which "selects" the light as it enters. Polarized sunglasses selectively absorb some of the wavelength bands that make up the sun's rays because they rely on very fine metal powders (iron, copper, nickel, etc.). In fact, when light hits the lens, the light is diminished based on the so-called "destructive interference" process. That is to say, when light of certain wavelengths (herein referred to as ultraviolet light a, ultraviolet light b, and sometimes infrared light) passes through the lens, they cancel each other in the direction of the inner side of the lens, that is, toward the eye. The mutual overlap of the formation of light waves is not an accidental phenomenon: the peaks of one wave are combined with the waves of the waves that are close to them, resulting in mutual cancellation. The destructive interference phenomenon depends on the refractive index of the lens (ie, the extent to which light deviates from the air through different materials) and also depends on the thickness of the lens. In general, the thickness of the lens does not change much, and the refractive index of the lens varies depending on the chemical composition.
Polarized sunglasses offer another mechanism to protect the eyes. The reflected light of the asphalt road is a special polarized light. This difference between reflected light and light directly from the sun or any artificial light source is due to order problems. Polarized light is formed by waves that are all vibrating in one direction, while normal light is formed by waves that are not directional. It is like a group of people who walk around in disorder and form a stark contrast with a group of soldiers marching in a neat pace. In general, reflected light is an orderly light. Polarized lenses are particularly effective at blocking such light because its filterability is working. This type of lens only allows polarized waves that vibrate in a certain direction to pass, just like "lighting up" the light. For road reflection problems, the use of polarized sunglasses reduces the transmission of light because it does not allow light waves that vibrate in parallel with the road to pass. In fact, the long molecules of the filter layer are directed horizontally and absorb horizontally polarized light. In this way, most of the reflected light is eliminated, and the overall illumination of the surrounding environment is not reduced.
Finally, the lenses of polarized sunglasses can darken after the sun's rays are shining. When the lighting fades, it becomes bright again. This is because the crystal of silver halide is working. Under normal conditions, it keeps the lens perfectly transparent. Under the illumination of sunlight, the silver in the crystal separates, and the free silver forms a small aggregate inside the lens. These small silver aggregates are irregular blocks that are interlaced by dogs. They are unable to transmit light, but only absorb light, which results in darkening of the lens. In the case of light, the crystals are re-formed and the lens returns to a bright state.